Pancasila Day is a new official public holiday in Indonesia, having been declared such by the sitting president Joko Widodo in 2016.
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June 1 was chosen for the observance because it is the day on which Indonesia’s first president, Sukarno, gave a famous speech in 1945, wherein he outlined five principles by which the new nation ought be governed.
After Sukarno’s speech, the “Committee of Nine” founding fathers of modern Indonesia, including Sukarno, re-ordered the five principles to create a final version. The final, amended version of Pancasila was included in the Preamble to the Constitution of Indonesia thus:
- The belief in one God
- Just and civilised humanity
- Indonesian unity
- Democracy under the wise guidance of representative consultations
- Social justice for all the peoples of Indonesia