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Idul Adha

Idul Adha 2017 and 2018

Idul Adha, or the Muslim Day of Sacrifice, is an Islamic holiday in Indonesia.

YearDateDayHoliday
20171 SepFriIdul Adha
201822 AugWedIdul Adha

Outside of Indonesia, the Muslim Day of Sacrifice is known as Eid al-Adha. This holiday is oriented around paying respect to God and helping other people. Idul Adha is celebrated on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the last month on the Islamic Hijrah calendar. Idul Adha celebrates the conclusion of the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca. The Muslim Day of Sacrifice is based on the story of Ibraham and his son.

The Feast of Sacrifice

The primary event of Idul Adha is a great feast that all members of society are allowed to partake in. Known as the Feast of Sacrifice, this meal originated from Abraham’s sacrifice of the ram after God saved the life of Isaac. On Idul Adha, every Muslim is expected to sacrifice their best domestic animal. Cows are the most commonly sacrificed animal on Idul Adha, but goats and sheep are also sacrificed.

After the animal has been sacrificed to God, the meat will be divided into three portions. The first portion is offered to the family members of the person who owns the animal. The second portion is offered to distant relatives. The third and final portion is distributed to impoverished people in nearby communities. On Idul Adha, community outreach programs ensure that all members of society are fed. The Feast of Sacrifice is based on the 196th verse of Al-Baqara. This is a holiday that allows Indonesians to enjoy themselves while helping other members of society.

Attending Mosque

Many Indonesian Muslims visit a mosque to celebrate Idul Adha. On the morning of Idul Adha, Muslims perform their pre-sunrise prayers. At a mosque, Muslims perform the Eid al-Adha prayer when the sun is at its highest point in the sky on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah. On Idul Adha, Muslim men must attend worship services at their mosque. Muslim men who do not attend a mosque on Idul Adha are considered to be sinners. Muslim women are not required to attend. Travelers and non-Muslims are not permitted to attend mosque services on Idul Adha. After attending a mosque service, many Indonesian Muslims converse with each other at social gatherings. These events are characterized by happiness and warm surroundings.

Traditions

Since Idul Adha is one of two Islamic holidays that are celebrated globally, there are many traditions that have developed over time.

  • Clothing : Unlike some holidays in East and Southeast Asia, people do not wear traditional clothing or costumes on Idul Adha. Idul Adha is a formal Islamic holiday, so Indonesian Muslims will wear their finest suits and dresses to attend mosque services and celebrations. Idul Adha outfits also tend to be rather conservative.
  • Meat Consumption: In Indonesia, diets are traditionally oriented around rice, tofu, and similar plant-based foods. During Idul Adha, Indonesians consume large quantities of beef and other meats after performing sacrifices.

Where to Celebrate

Since most Indonesians are Muslims, Idul Adha celebrations can be found in nearly every major city in Indonesia. Jakarta, Bandung, and Palembang have some of the largest Idul Adha celebrations. Idul Adha, or the Muslim Day of Sacrifice, is an Indonesian public holiday that honors the example that Abraham set for followers of Islam.