Hari Raya Idul Fitri 2018 and 2019
Hari Raya Idul Fitri is an Indonesian holiday that celebrates the conclusion of Ramadan, one of the holiest months for Muslims.
|2018||15 Jun||Fri||Hari Raya Idul Fitri|
|16 Jun||Sat||Lebaran Holiday|
|2019||5 Jun||Wed||Hari Raya Idul Fitri|
|6 Jun||Thu||Lebaran Holiday|
Hari Raya Idul Fitri is characterized as a time of happiness. Hari Raya Idul Fitri is also known as Lebaran. Lebaran is a public holiday that allows Indonesians to spend time with their friends and family members after many months of working. While Hari Raya Idul Fitri is celebrated by Muslims of various nationalities, many of its traditions are unique to Indonesia. In Indonesia, Muslims practice the tradition of offering forgiveness to other people. Unlike many other Islamic practices, this practice does not come from the Quran. Instead, it comes from a fusion of Islamic and Javanese cultures in the 15th century CE.
With regards to the scale of celebrations, Hari Raya Idul Fitri may be the largest Indonesian public holiday. Similar to how Christmas is celebrated in North America and Europe, Hari Raya Idul Fitri is not limited to a single day. Instead, many celebrations are combined over the course of many weeks for a season of festivities.
Indonesian law demands that every Indonesian citizen receives a salary bonus prior to Hari Raya Idul Fitri. In Indonesian, this policy is known as Tunjangan Hari Raya. This salary bonus is meant to offset the expenses of Hari Raya Idul Fitri. This ensures that every Indonesian citizen is able to enjoy the holiday season. In Jakarta, Indonesian citizens enjoy a salary bonus of no less than one month’s payment. The amount of salary bonuses vary in other cities and regions.
Hari Raya Idul Fitri is a large holiday for commercial retailers and shoppers. Prior to the holiday, Indonesian people will go to shopping centers and malls with their family members and friends to purchase new clothes. Many shops offer large discounts during the holiday season to encourage people to buy many items. Along with new clothes, Indonesian people will also buy food for the Hari Raya Idul Fitri feast. Unlike some Western holidays, Hari Raya Idul Fitri is not about presenting gifts to others. Instead, all of the items bought prior to Hari Raya Idul Fitri are kept for the person who purchased them.
During the night prior, Indonesian Muslims will celebrate the upcoming holiday in various ways. In Mosques, people will play drums and sing chants. In country areas, people will hang oil lamps and lanterns outside of their homes to signify that they are awaiting the arrival of Hari Raya Idul Fitri. In urban centers, Indonesian Muslims will flock to the streets and chant takbir with their friends and family members. Some Indonesians also light fireworks to celebrate the upcoming holiday.
It is customary for Indonesian people to travel to their hometowns to celebrate Hari Raya Idul Fitri with their parents and other family members. This causes a massive migration that requires all of Indonesia’s transportation resources. Traffic jams and public transportation delays are common during Hari Raya Idul Fitri. Over eight million people leave Jakarta to return to their hometowns prior to the holiday. Because of this, many travelers often visit Jakarta during Hari Raya Idul Fitri.
The Breaking of the Fast
On the morning or afternoon of Hari Raya Idul Fitri, Indonesian Muslims end the holy fasting month of Ramadan with a large feast with their family members. This feast consists of various dishes that have been carefully prepared by members of the family. Some of the most common dishes on a dining table during Hari Raya Idul Fitri include ketupat, rendang, and rice cakes. Ketupat is a type of rice dumpling that can be flavored with many different seasonings and fillings. Rendang is a dish of caramelized beef curry. Various cookies and sweets are also enjoyed after the feast. During the feast, family members will share stories and talk about their future endeavors. The Hari Raya Idul Fitri feast is a time of great joy.
Musicals and dances are commonly performed during the Lebaran celebrations. These performances are always centered around Muslim devotional themes. Popular performers will often sing about the greatness of God and fellowship. These performances are nationally televised for all Indonesian Muslims to enjoy.
Many Indonesians honor their Javanese roots by wearing traditional clothing during the Eid feast. Some Indonesian Muslim families do not honor this tradition. Instead, these families wear formal modern clothes.
Although grave cleaning is not practiced by Muslims in many other nations, Indonesians visit the graves of their relatives on Hari Raya Idul Fitri. At the grave, Indonesian families will pay their respects to their fallen relatives after clearing weeds and laying fresh flowers. This Javanese tradition is common in many other nations like Korea, China, and Japan.
Hari Raya Idul Fitri, or Lebaran, is an Indonesian public holiday that allows Muslims to celebrate the end of Ramadan with their family members.